Halo Profiles – Sparsity

Imprints of Dark Energy on Cosmic Structure Formation: III. Sparsity of Dark Matter Halo Profiles. We study the imprint of Dark Energy on the density profile of Dark Matter halos using a set of high-resolution large volume cosmological N-body simulations from the Dark Energy Universe Simulation Series (DEUSS).

sparcityWe first focus on the analysis of the goodness-of-fit of the Navarro-Frenk-White (NFW) profile which we find to vary with halo mass and redshift. We also find that the fraction of halos ill-fitted by NFW varies with cosmology, thus indicating that the mass assembly of halos with perturbed density profiles carries a characteristic signature of Dark Energy. To access this information independently of any parametric profile, we introduce a new observable quantity: the halo sparsity sΔ. This is defined as the mass ratio M200/MΔ, i.e. the ratio of mass inside a sphere of radius r200 to that contained within a radius rΔ, enclosing 200 and Δ times the mean matter density respectively. We find the average sparsity to be nearly independent of the total halo mass, while its value can be inferred to better than a few percent from the ratio of the integrated halo mass functions at overdensities �� and 200 respectively. This provides a consistency relation that can validate observational measurements of the halo sparsity. Most importantly, the sparsity significantly varies with the underlying Dark Energy model, thus providing an alternative cosmological probe.